AFB SPUTAM (NORMAL)

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Description

A sputum stain for Mycobacteria is a laboratory test performed on a sample of your sputumor phlegm. It’s also known as an acid-fast bacillus (AFB) stain or a tuberculosis (TB) smear. A doctor typically orders the AFB SPUTAM (NORMAL) test to determine if a person has tuberculosis (TB) or another type of mycobacterial infection. If you’re already taking medication for TB or another mycobacterial infection, your doctor might order the test to find out if your medication is working. SPUTAM  test is done very accurately at GoodDays Diagnostic Center at Chinsurah, Hooghly

Why the AFB SPUTAM (NORMAL) Test Is Ordered

Your doctor will order this test if they think you have a mycobacterial infection. Mycobacteria are a type of microorganism with nearly 100 known species. The most common type is Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes TB.

The general symptoms of TB include:

  • coughing up blood or mucus
  • a lack of appetite
  • weight loss
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • a fever
  • chills
  • night sweats

Another fairly common type of this bacteria is Mycobacterium leprae, which causes leprosy. The symptoms of leprosy include:

  • skin discoloration
  • skin lesions
  • skin nodules
  • skin plaques
  • thickened skin
  • nasal congestion
  • nosebleeds

Except for the two microorganisms that cause TB and leprosy, most Mycobacteria exist in the water and soil everywhere in the world. These are called nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). NTM live in:

  • city water
  • bayous
  • rivers
  • hot tubs
  • swimming pools
  • yard soil
  • food

Their tough, waxy cell wall makes them resistant to antibacterial agents. Although NTM are everywhere, most people aren’t affected. People with immunity problems, such as AIDS, are vulnerable to infection. Some people can have an infection with no symptoms at all. Other people have infections that cause lung symptoms similar to TB. Medicines can treat these infections, but it often takes more than one medicine to cure them.

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