Acetone (Blood)


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Acetone test is performed on a sample of blood serum to measure level of Acetone in blood serum.It is performed to confirm Diabetes Ketoacidosis, Ketonuria and Starvation and also during treatment and after treatment of Diabetes Ketoacidosis, Ketonuria and Starvation.

Preparation for Acetone Blood Serum

No special preparation is needed for Acetone Blood Serum. Inform your doctor if you are on any medications or have any underlying medical conditions or allergies before undergoing Acetone Blood Serum. Your doctor depending on your condition will give specific instructions.

Normal values for Acetone Blood Serum

The normal result for Acetone Blood Serum for Acetone is < 1 mg/dL for Unisex gender and for All age groups.

A serum ketones test determines the levels of ketones in your blood. Ketones are a byproduct produced when your body uses only fat, instead of glucose, for energy. Ketones aren’t harmful in small amounts. When ketones accumulate in the blood, the body enters ketosis. For some people, ketosis is normal. Low-carbohydrate diets can induce this state. This is sometimes called nutritional ketosis. If you have type 1 diabetes, you may be at risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is a life-threatening complication in which your blood becomes too acidic. It can lead to a diabetic coma or death. Contact your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and have a moderate or high reading for ketones. Some newer blood glucose meters will test blood ketone levels. Otherwise, you can use urine ketone strips to measure your urine ketone level. DKA can develop within 24 hours and can lead to life-threatening conditions if left untreated. Although it’s rare, people with type 2 diabetes do develop DKA, according to Diabetes Forecast. Some people may also have alcoholic ketoacidosis from long-term alcohol abuse or starvation ketoacidosis from fasting too long. Call your doctor immediately if your blood sugar levels are high, your ketone levels are moderate or high, or if you’re feeling:

  • pain in the abdomen
  • nauseated or you’re vomiting for over 4 hours
  • sick with a cold or the flu
  • excessive thirst and symptoms of dehydration
  • flushed, especially on your skin
  • shortness of breath, or breathing rapidly

You may also have a fruity or metallic scent on your breath, and a blood sugar level more than 240 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). All of these symptoms can be warning symptoms of DKA, especially if you have type 1 diabetes.

What are the risks of a serum ketone test?

The only complications that come from a serum ketone test come from taking a blood sample. The healthcare provider may have difficulty finding a good vein from which to take the blood sample, and you may have a slight prick sensation or bruising at the site of the needle insertion. These symptoms are temporary and will resolve on their own after the test, or within a few days.

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